HomeCareerCareer Counseling, Theories & 5 Best Counselor Reviews

Career Counseling, Theories & 5 Best Counselor Reviews [USA]

All you need to know about career counseling:

Career counseling is a form of career guidance that will assist you in navigating career decisions at any point in your life. In other words, counseling activities that are related to purposeful and meaningful work are termed career counseling. It is a process that will enable you to make higher educational, life, and career choices. It builds the foundation necessary for making decisions, and decision-making skill is something you’ll require in all phases and aspects of your life. 

Whether you are a young aspirant or an earning member of your family, a career coach can hold your hand through your job ventures. Today, we’ll discuss professional counseling, its advantages, and why you should opt for it. Let’s get to know all the crucial aspects of career counseling. 

Who is a career counselor?

A career advisor or a career counselor is a person who helps people to know about employment options and relevant jobs. They help people to shape an impressive career and work on the development of their careers. These people often have a Master’s degree in social work or counseling. Some of them might be social workers, life coaches, or therapists. It is a vast field, and therefore, there cannot be a single definition of a counselor. 

How can you choose a suitable career counselor? 

Like therapists, career counselors are of different types who apply different theories, assessments, and interventions. One counselor may give more importance to picking a career while others may focus on career development or job satisfaction. So, choosing the right counselor should be based on what you are looking for:

  • If you are a novice to the job market, you require a counselor who’ll help you select a career path depending on your field of study. 
  • If you have been working for a while, you deserve a counselor who can tell you how to progress in your field by making the best use of your experience and skills.

Why do you need a career counselor?

career counselor knows his job. A great counselor holds immense knowledge in diverse fields. He’ll provide resources, networking connections, aptitude tests. He will also let you know what should be your next step. His goal is not just to suggest all possible job options as per your talents/skills but also to show you a path to follow to get there.

How does counseling work for a career?

At first, you and your counselor sit together and discuss how frequent your meetings should be depending on your timeline and objectives. Together you discover the ideal careers for you after assessing your aptitudes, work values, interests, and personality traits. Your career advisor will enlighten you about the latest trends in the job market. He’ll also explain multiple ways to climb the success ladder effortlessly.

What is career counseling’s purpose? 

Career counseling or coaching’s purpose is to offer guidance to candidates hunting for jobs and candidates who want to alter their career paths. If you have any job or career concern, all you need is career counseling. 

How important is career counseling in your life? 

We spend one-third of our time in the workplace. Career counseling is of supreme significance in any person’s professional life. Don’t you think you deserve to be happy with your job? When you are young, you may take any job that pays your bills without thinking deeply about it. After some years, you are bound to realize that jobs do not just fill your pockets. It gives you an identity, a reason to go back to the same place every day to prove your worth. If you are trapped with a monotonous job, you will affect not only your professional life but also your personal life. 

In addition to the point mentioned above, career counseling also successfully resolves conflicts you face with your current job. It is quite similar to marriage counseling in this respect. When two people have disagreements in a marriage, they approach a marriage counselor who helps them sort out the differences and make some adjustments for both partners’ happiness. Similarly, sometimes you feel the need to resolve arguments with colleagues to work with unity as a team to achieve a common goal. 

Career counseling to bid adieu to job stress:

At least fifty percent of the employed people are not happy with their jobs. There can be many reasons behind such unhappiness or dissatisfaction. Some of the common factors that make the office a stressful place for people are lack of skills in a particular field, bully of senior colleagues or boss, monotonous job, less pay, lack of appreciation, extended work hours, extreme pressure, and the list is endless.

And then there are those candidates who do not even have a job. They are even more depressed than the ones who have spiteful jobs. Job stress has a close connection to depression, anxiety, insomnia, and other mental illnesses for employed and unemployed candidates. 

This is when career counseling comes to your rescue. An advisor will help you handle the stress and channelize your energy in the right direction. Everybody is superior at something, and if you are unable to decide which type of job suits you the best, seeking professional help will make it easier for you to shortlist the appropriate options. You’ll feel more confident and less anxious. 

What should you expect from your career advisor?

Whether you are working in a company or a fresh graduate, career counseling gives you the idea of where to begin. If your workplace or college offers sessions on career counseling, seize those opportunities. If they have no such facilities, search for good career counseling near me and start working on achieving your goals. Here are some incredible tips for you to make the most of your upcoming sessions with the counselor: 

  • Communicate- As a client, you need to speak openly about your strengths and weaknesses. If you are not comfortable sharing things with your counselor, this is not going to work. So, open up, share your ideas, and participate actively in the process. After all, it is your life, and who knows it better than you? Your career coach will use approaches and theories to tailor the sessions. For instance, if you love animals, a job in the veterinary medicine department or a pet shelter will motivate you. Similarly, if you are shy and struggle with communicating, you should avoid working in the sales department. An experienced counselor will be able to give this useful advice to you. 
  • Be clear- Before you meet someone for career counseling, ask yourself about your aspirations. Prepare a list of things you are good at and the skills that you lack. This will make it easier and natural for you to answer your counselor’s queries and formulate a plan to assist you in achieving your targets, short-term and long-term. You will gain more out of the whole process if you know your flaws and your powers.
  • Be realistic- Sometimes, we tend to form individual opinions due to outside pressure. But, these are not our opinions, and therefore, we have to be brave. A parent can pressurize the child to pursue a particular career because of his own interest in it. On the other hand, that child may be good at something completely the opposite of what the parent wants. Whatever the situation, be honest with your guide regarding what you wish to accomplish. Taking charge of your own life is the first sign of becoming an adult. Moreover, doing what you like will give your personal and professional happiness. If you are not happy, you cannot make others happy. 

Who can be benefitted from career counseling?

Career counseling is a must for:

  • Anyone re-entering the world of the competition after a long break, such as a parental leave of 5 years
  • Students who have graduated and unable to figure out which way to go
  • People who are not happy with their jobs and eager to make a change- be it big or small.

Questions you should ask yourself before counseling sessions:

Here are some questions that you have to ask yourself before and during your sessions with your career counselor:

  • Which activities do I find fulfilling?
  • What are the skills I need to make better?
  • What skills do I possess?
  • What job-related morals and values do I have?
  • What are my academic qualifications?
  • Fieldwork or office job- which one is for me?
  • How much do I expect to earn?
  • Do I require more degrees or courses?
  • Do I want to work under somebody or be my own boss?
  • Am I willing to take risks, or will I prefer a stable job?

Ways in which career counseling can prove advantageous for you/How does career counseling help:

You can reap multiple benefits of spending time with a career counselor. Research has revealed that high school students and college graduates who consult a career counselor quickly achieve their goals due to expert guidance. Individuals working for several years can also take advantage of counseling in many ways. The three main ways in which career counseling can improve your position are as follows: 

  • Gain knowledge- Are you thinking about going back to college for a new certification or degree? This will undoubtedly boost your confidence and career. A career counselor will make it easy for you to analyze which certification or degree will look attractive on your resume.
  • Expansion of social connections- You will feel contented both at home and at the job. A sorted person attracts others through his positivity and, thus, expands his social circle.
  • Economic gains- Career counseling reduces the chances of inadequate income. It will help you to manage your finances during days of unemployment and encourage you to be productive. 

Career counseling theories:

Career Counseling Theories
Career Counseling Theories

Career counselors refer to theories to suggest career options to their clients. There are many distinct career counseling theories, some of them dating back to the early 19th century. Frank Parsons, the ‘Father of Modern Career Counseling,’ was the pioneer to offer a theory related to career counseling. His theory is based primarily on observation. It involves observing and speaking with a person and then suggesting an ideal career. This theory laid the foundation for many theories in the coming years.

We will tell you about the five most popular theories on professional counseling: 

1. Trait-and-Factor Theory

This remains to be among the most enduring theories on career counseling. In essence, it matches the personality of a person with a career. The theory considers the person’s aptitude or abilities, occupational interests, and personal values to know about the candidate’s personality. The three simple steps of the process are: 

  • Studying individuals
  • Making a list of career options
  • Using the reasoning for matching the occupation and the individual 

Trait-and-factor-theory has been subject to criticism on the ground that it assumes one person has a fixed career goal depending on his ability. But, many people do not have just one goal, and in addition to that, both personal and professional goals change with time. Again, someone may have a keen interest in a particular profession despite being trained in the area. So, ability should not be the only criterion for matching a candidate with an occupation. ‘

2. Social Cognitive Career Theory

Lent, Hackett, and Brown are the formulators of the Social Cognitive Career Theory. In 1996, these three researchers blended with some aspects of cognitive theories and social learning theory. This theory has three main components:

  • Personal goals
  • Self-efficacy
  • Outcome expectations

This type of career counseling revolves around helping candidates to develop their self-efficacy. Essentially, the theory is about supporting clients in creating a sense of career issues and choices. 

3. Person-Environment Fit Theory

The person-environment fit theory gives great importance to the job satisfaction of a person. It believes that it is essential for a person to have a positive, cordial relationship with this work environment. The two theorists Lofquist and Dawis proposed that work comprises of psychological variables such as relationships, rewards, stress, interactions. So, if the work ambiance fails to address the psychological variables adequately, the individual will not have a healthy relationship with his job. Other than that, individuals also have to meet the work environment’s requirements. So, the place should make the individual feel at home, and the individual should blend in with the environment. When both things happen, it is known as consonance. 

4. Learning Theory on Career Advice

Mitchell, Gelatt, and Krumboltz proposed the Learning Theory in 1975. We can break down this theory into two parts. The first part explains the origin of career choices. The theory’s second part addresses how counselors can help individuals to solve work-related problems.

Learning theory states that four primary factors dictate a person’s career choices. These include environmental events and conditions, genetic endowments or special abilities, task approach, and learning experiences. So, the main point is that career choice depends on several factors, not one. The theorists opine that one can grow in the workplace as long as he is willing to update himself and his skills.  

Here, the counselor’s role is limited as far as job selection is concerned. Instead, the greater emphasis is on lending a helping hand to people to deal with their job obstacles. In this approach, career counseling and individual therapy overlap at times.

5. The CIP (Cognitive Information Processing) Approach

Sampson and Peterson wrote in detail about the CIP Approach in 1999. In a nutshell, it lets you know about how people make career decisions and utilize their problem-solving talents in career decisions. This theory is extremely rational and cognitive and rests on the belief that people should follow a specific path while making important career choices. The ten principal assumptions of CIP are as follows: 

  • Career choices are outcomes of the interaction between influence and cognition.
  • Making important career decisions is a problem-solving task.
  • How well a person can solve problems depends on his knowledge abilities.
  • A person should stay motivated.
  • Solving career hurdles requires memory skills.
  • Career development is the continuous growth of a person in the professional field.
  • Self-knowledge determines career identity.
  • Maturing and gaining experience in a career is determined by the capacity to solve problems efficiently.
  • Career counseling aims to give people information about processing their skills.
  • Career counseling aims to make it easy for people to solve problems, becoming wise decision-makers.

Top five career counselor reviews from the USA:

Career Counselor
Career Counselor

1. Brenda Halley

Brenda Halley is a trained and certified coach. She has been the most exceptional help in my time of crisis and counseling careers of others like me. She taught me never to lose hope and helped me crack a new and better job. She is very savvy and experienced. She is a kind and awesome person. Contact her now, and you’ll thank me later. Thank you from the bottom of my heart, Brenda!

2. Linda Glass

Career coaching provided by Linda helped me fulfill my aspirations. She opened my eyes, and I discovered novel opportunities. She identified my strengths and increased my confidence. I am thrilled with my present job, all thanks to Linda. Try one of her sessions absolutely free of cost, and you’ll know why I can’t stop praising her. 

3. Jason Treu

Jason Treu is one of the most successful career counselors in the USA. He offers group coaching, individual coaching, and workshops. I learned about him from the internet and thought about giving him a chance. Now I have a great job that pays me twice as much as the previous one. Anyone who needs career counseling should go to Jason Treu immediately. Thank you, man! You changed my life. 

4. Lisa K. Bradley

Lisa K. Bradley has been in the field since 2002. What I loved about Lisa is her dedication towards her noble mission, which is helping people to thrive in the world. I wasn’t happy with my job and decided to contact Lisa. A few sessions with her and I was a completely changed person. Now I have started working as a manager in a reputed firm. Warm regards, Lisa. 

5. Laura Close Consulting

Unlike most executive coaches performing like preachers, Laura Close Consulting caters to your specific needs after listening to you. I was aimless and frustrated when I approached the agency. But, working with them shaped my career. I am glad that a friend gave me the suggestion of contacting them. If you are going through a tough phase in your career like me, you know who will get you out of it. 

Look for career counselors in your location

If you think you need a career counselor, start looking for one near you. You can watch the introductory therapist videos as well as book trial classes to be sure. Since career counseling is going to give direction to your professional life, it is better to research thoroughly before selecting someone. You’ll know once you meet the career counselor who appears to be the perfect fit for your career goals. However, do not forget to sort your searches based on fees so that you can hire someone within your budget. Type ‘career counselor near me’ or ‘career coaches near me’ on the search engine, and you’ll get the details of the counselors close to you. 

Are there any online career counselors? 

If you have planned to appoint an online career counselor, there are plenty of options in all the USA cities. Whether you want to explore advancement opportunities, or try your luck in a different field, get started now. Working with somebody who understands your problems and is willing to help you will let you know that you are not alone. Look for ‘career coach near me’ or ‘career counselors near me’ without delay. Good luck with your career! We hope you fulfill all your dreams. 


A career counselor helps you get the best career path and choose the best job according to your professional and academic profile. Students will get to know about their preparation approaches, what type of exams they should select, how to achieve a career goal, and their deserved career. So no matter where you are standing in your career, a career counselor can beautifully change your life.

Dale L. Collins
Hi, It's Dale L. Collins. I have been doing blogging since 2010. I have tried almost all the majority of blogging platform, money-making ideas/niches which are available for the online earning generate. So, now it's very easy and well known to me the correct and short-cut ways and strategies that how to perfectly build a blogging career online! I'm sharing my deep experiences and earnings strategy on this blog and making about all the legit source of online income that is related to be a blogger. Thanks & Regards, Dale L. Collins Founder of Legitearner.com


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